Tae Kwon Do
- Chung Do Kwan
Tae Kwon Do is the
modern derivation of older Korean martial arts. It means " the study of
kicks and punches". As such, no weapons are used. Being partially based on
the tiger, it is strong, fast and powerful - a "hard" martial art. A
hard form of the Martial Arts that uses direct, straight-line techniques.
In 1894, Japan took over Korea and exposed the Koreans to
Japanese Martial Arts while banning their native Martial Arts including taekyon (a descendant of subak). In 1945, after the Second World War, the Japanese occupation of Korea ended.
The ban on native Martial Arts was lifted and the exiled Koreans returned
home bringing back with them the Martial Arts that they had studied in other
countries. The quick, straight-line movements that characterize the various
Japanese Martial Arts influenced Korean Martial Arts.
were many Martial Art schools in Korea, but the largest and most of the Kwan's was the Chung Do Kwan
Institute, who's membership swelled to over 5,000. The
other Kwans at that time were:
Moo Duk Kwan,
Moo Kwan, Chang Moo Kwan, Oh Do Kwan,
Do Kwan, Chi Do Kwan and Song Moo Kwan.
Grand Master Duk Sung Son
Grand Master Duk Sung Master Son, a champion adolescent boxer, began
Arts training in the early 1940's and eventually had schools all over South
Korea. As Grandmaster of the Chung Do Kwan, he instructed the South Korean and American Armed
Forces stationed there. He is literally the "Father of Tae Kwon Do".
Tae Kwon Do
was introduced in the United States by Master Son and other
practitioners whose modifications created many sub styles removed from
Master Son's traditional teaching.
June 25, 1950 war broke out, and Grand Master Won Kuk Lee appointed
Master Duk Sung Son
Headmaster over the Chung Do Kwan. Grand Master Won Kuk Lee's instructor in Japan was
Gichin Funakoshi, the founder of
Shotokan Karate. This is the origin of
Traditional Tae Kwon Do.
At this time, Master Son was teaching Tae Kwon Do to novice policemen and
with his growing reputation, he became the original chief instructor of Tae
Kwon Do for the Republic of Korea's Army and Military Academy. In 1955
an effort was made by the various Kwan's to have some sort of National Unity
in the Korean Martial Arts. Grand Master Master Son was directly responsible for
searching out and popularizing the original name of
Tae Kwon Do.
In the early 1960's Master Son moved to the U.S. to begin teaching Tae
Kwon Do, and forming the World Tae Kwon Do Association with its
Headquaters' in New York City. Traditional Tae Kwon Do continues to be
taught by his students in hundreds of
schools in this country and others. Major cities, small towns and notable
universities such as Brown, Columbia University, Harvard, Cornell, Fordham University, New York University,
Princeton, Yale, and West
Point Military Academy have hosted his classes. The schools are usually
non-commercial and conform to his quietly strong philosophy. As President of
the Association, he performed all Black Belt tests during regional visits.
Master Son personally taught all classes at Headquarters', and in
Some of the Korean
Masters that have trained under Grand Master Duk Sung Son are: Master J.B
Chung of Madison WI, Master K.H. Kim of Omaha Nebraska, Master Choi of
Evansville KT, Master Nak Yong Chung of Indiana, Master Yong Taek Chung of
K.C. Missouri, Master Lee and Master Jhoon Goo Rhee of Texas.
The Directors of the
WTKDA in 1980: Master Yong Taek Chung of K.C. Missouri, Master K.C. Park of
Yorktown IBM, New York, Master Tai Doo Kang of Minnesota, Master J. Bock
Chung of Wisconsin, Master Nak Yong Chung of Indiana, Master K.H. Kim of
Omaha Nebraska, Master Kyung Woo Yu of St Louis, Missouri, Master Dong Hoon
Kim of Arizona & Mexico, and Master Young Sik Choi of Kentucky.
Duk Sung Son retired in 2009. (June 17th, 1922 - March 29th, 2011) RIP